Methods of Determining Depreciation electrical engineering

 Methods of Determining Depreciation electrical engineering 

Methods of Determining Depreciation • There is reduction in the value of the equipment and other property of the plant every year due to depreciation. • Depreciation charge must be set aside annually so that by the time the life span of the plant is over, the collected amount equals the cost of replacement of the plant. •

 Commonly used methods for determining the annual depreciation charge : 
 (i) Straight line method
 (ii) Diminishing value method 
 (iii) Sinking fund method.

 (i) Straight line method. •

 In this method, a constant depreciation charge is made every year on the basis of total depreciation and the useful life of the property. • Annual depreciation charge will be equal to the total depreciation divided by the useful life of the property. • Ex. if the initial cost of equipment is Rs 1,00,000 and its scrap value is Rs 10,000 after a useful life of 20 years, then,

 The straight line method is extremely simple and is easy to apply as the annual depreciation charge can be readily calculated from the total depreciation and useful life of the equipment. • Fig. 4.1 shows the graphical representation of the method. • Initial value P of the equipment reduces uniformly, through depreciation, to the scrap value S in the useful life of the equipment. • The depreciation curve (PA) follows a straight line path, indicating constant annual depreciation charge. • Thismethod suffers from two defects. • Firstly, the assumption of constant depreciation charge every year is not correct. • Secondly, it does not account for the interest which may be drawn during accumulation

(ii) Diminishing value method. • 

In this method, depreciation charge is made every year at a fixed rate on the diminished value of the equipment. • Depreciation charge is first applied to the initial cost of equipment and then to its diminished value. • As an example, suppose the initial cost of equipment is Rs 10,000 and its scrap value after the useful life is zero. If the annual rate of depreciation is 10%, then depreciation charge for the first year will be 0·1 × 10,000 = Rs 1,000. The value of the equipment is diminished by Rs 1,000 and becomes Rs 9,000. • For the second year, the depreciation charge will be made on the diminished value (i.e. Rs 9,000) and becomes 0·1 × 9,000 = Rs 900. The value of the equipment now becomes 9000 − 900 = Rs8100. • For the third year, the depreciation charge will be 0·1 × 8100 = Rs 810 and so on

Methods of Determining Depreciation electrical engineering

Methods of Determining Depreciation electrical engineering


 The initial value P of the equipment reduces, through depreciation to the scrap value S over the useful life of the equipment. • Thedepreciation curve follows the path PA. • It is clear from the curve that depreciation charges are heavy in the early years but decrease to a low value in the later years. • This method has two drawbacks. • Firstly, low depreciation charges are made in the late years when the maintenance and repair charges are quite heavy. • Secondly, the depreciation charge is independent of the rate of interest which it may draw during accumulation 


(iii) Sinking fund method.


In this method, a fixed depreciation charge is made every year and interest compounded on it annually. • The constant depreciation charge is such that total of annual instalments plus the interest accumulations equal to the cost of replacement of equipment after its useful life 


Methods of Determining Depreciation electrical engineering
Methods of Determining Depreciation electrical engineering

Methods of Determining Depreciation electrical engineering